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Q: Isn’t all water the same? 

A: No. There are three types of water: utility grade water, working grade water and drinking water. Utility grade water is suited for outdoor purposes such as watering your lawn and plants and usually requires no water treatment. Working grade water should be higher quality because it runs through your household plumbing, fixtures and water-using appliances. Treated water is needed to make these important household systems last longer and save you money. Finally, drinking water should be the most important and highest quality water. Since 70% of the human body is water, the water we drink and cook with should be treated to the highest standard.

Q: Should I get my water tested? 

A: Yes. The test should include, at a minimum, hardness, iron and pH. Absolute Water Solutions, LC has the equipment to test your water accurately, and we can demonstrate the value of clean, soft water.

Q: What is reverse osmosis? 

A: Reverse osmosis uses a semi permeable membrane to filter contaminants such as chlorine, pesticides, solvents, lead, nitrates, other chemicals and heavy metals like arsenic from the water. In reverse osmosis, pressure is used to force a heavy solution through a membrane leaving behind molecules that are too heavy to pass through it. These spent molecules are then rejected and sent down the drain. RO systems make very pure water and can reject approximately 95% to 97% of total dissolved solids (TDS) from water. TDS are mostly the mineral content of water, and the secondary standard for TDS in Texas is 1000 ppm (although the EPA has set it at 500 ppm elsewhere in the US ).

Q: What is hard water? 

A: Hardness is the amount of calcium and magnesium dissolved in water. Hardness materials in water react with soap to turn the soap into useless soap curds. Hardness also reacts with alkalinity to form deposits and scale. Hardness also creates problems with hot water tanks and heating systems by creating a ceramic calcium coating over heating coils. This can destroy hot water heaters or greatly increase operating costs. The treatment method of choice to prevent the mineral build up would be the Impression Series softener.

Q: I need a softener, but I don't want to add a lot of salt to my water. How much salt will it add? 

A: In most cases, the added salt from drinking softened water is only a small fraction of the salt that is consumed in the foods we eat. The amount of salt added to soften water is directly proportional to the level of hardness in the untreated water. Water softeners work on the ion exchange principal. What goes into a softener as hardness goes out as sodium. If you are on a sodium-restricted diet, all possible sources of sodium should be evaluated in relation to the limit set by your physician. As an alternative to sodium, potassium chloride or K-life can be used to regenerate your water softener. Your water softener will then utilize potassium instead of sodium in the ion exchange process.

Q: How do I improve the quality of my city water? 

A: Most municipalities disinfect their water with chlorine. This can leave an undesirable taste in the water. Granular activated carbon (GAC) is very efficient in removing chlorine and its harmful by-products. Treatment devices come in all sizes and forms: Reverse Osmosis (R.O.) and cartridge filters for point of use, and whole house conditioners like the Impression Series or Sanitizer Series.

Q: Why does my water smell like rotten eggs?  

A: Hydrogen sulfide gas is a naturally occurring contaminant which gives well water a disagreeable rotten egg odor or taste. This usually indicates the presence of some form of non-harmful mineral reducing bacteria in the well. There are no known health effects; however hydrogen sulfide can also make the water somewhat corrosive. The Impression carbon filter is used to remove hydrogen sulfide.

Q: Why does my water leave blue green stains?

A: This indicates that the water is corrosive and usually acidic. Acidic water can leach metals from pumps, piping and fixtures. If left alone without treatment it can cause leaks in copper pipes and fixtures. Acidity is measured on a scale of 0-14 with 7 being neutral, less than 7 is acidic and above 7 is basic. Treatment methods are pH-neutralizing filters or chemical feed systems that add alkalinity to the water.

Q: Why does my water stain everything orange/red? 
A: One of the most common water treatment problems found in well water is iron. The Sanitizer Series systems will treat/remove iron. Iron can be found in 3 different forms:
  • Ferrous iron (dissolved) - Although not visible it is the most common type of iron. When oxygen is mixed with ferrous iron it stains sinks, toilets and clothes in the laundry, especially when bleach is added. To reduce levels of ferrous iron, either softening, aeration or a combination of both is needed. Aeration involves injecting air into the water to oxidize the iron into a particle.
  • Ferric Iron (suspended) - Ferric iron or brown water iron is oxidized and forms floating particles. Once settled down, the particles can be seen in a glass of water. Treatment methods include cartridge filters or a back-washing filter.
  • Iron bacteria and organic iron - Iron bacteria and organic iron leaves a slimy growth or build up in toilet tanks and sometimes clogs filters, softeners and pipes. Treatment methods include shocking the well with chlorine or a feed pellet dropper followed by mechanical filtration and chlorine removal.